No words can describe how beautiful and breathtaking the view of the forest lies upon the surface of the earth. These forests are beautiful and magnificent, but apart from that they are an important source of living beings.
These forests are not only good at pleasing human beings with its scenic beauty, but they also help in maintaining the balance of the earth’s ecosystem. By providing habitats to various plants and animals to helping with preventing the soil erosion these large forests help in providing a lot of good stuff for our society.
Hence, let’s check out some of the largest forests in the world that is going to shock you with its land coverings and important benefits.
1. Taiga, Asia-Europe-North America:
Typically Taiga is not a forest, it is a Biome which means, it is a community of flora and fauna that have the similar attributes of the surroundings they live in. Also known as the boreal or a snow forest, this forest is the world’s largest land biome that has spread across most of the land of the Northern Russia and North America below the Tundra belt.
This forest covers 17 million square kilometres which is like 11.5% of the planet earth’s surface. Apart from that, the soil present in Taiga usually lacks the deep and organically enriched soil and rather has young and poor nutrient soil.
2. The Amazon Forests, South America:
The very well known rainforest in the world, The Amazon Rainforest also known as the Amazon Jungle or Amazonia is the number one beauty to behold. This forest is around 7,000,000 square kilometres and covers many countries such as Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Surinam, Colombia, Guyana, Venezuela, Ecuador.
Apart from being one of the largest forests in the world, Amazon carries the biggest collection of biological diverse species. From mammals to birds and animals to insects, all have been scientifically registered here.
3. Congo Rainforest, Africa:
The second largest tropical forest in the world, The Congo Rainforest is a home to numerous critically endangered species like forest elephants, bonobos, okapis and gorillas. This forest is also considered to be one of the most important ecological balancers.
Being a part of the Congo Basin in the African Continent, this forest’s recorded species holds nearly 1,000 species of birds and more than 500 species of fishes along with 500 varieties of registered mammals.
4. Valdivian Temperate Rainforest, South America:
Being the third largest forest in the world, The Valdivian Temperate Rainforest covers over 248,100 square kilometres of the earth’s surface. By covering a huge amount of area on the west coast of the South America, making its way to Chile and Argentina, this forest is full of under growths of ferns, bamboos and is mostly covered with an abundant amount of Evergreen Angiosperm along with some Coniferous as well as Deciduous trees.
5. Tongass, North America:
The Tongass National Forest is home to numerous animal and bird species. The forest consists of five species of salmon, bald eagles, brown and black bears in a large number throughout the forest. Other species include mountain goats, wolves, ravens, sitka black-tailed deer along with Orca, sea lions, seals, porpoises, humpback whales and river otters.
Covering a land of 68,062 square kilometres, Tongass National Forest is the largest forest in the United States of America. This forest is also divided into 19 designated Wilderness Areas, which is by far more than any other national forest.